Windows Server 2012 Extend Volume Greyed out in Disk Management - 3 Fixes

Video - how to extend volume in Windows Server 2012 when it is unable to extend volume in disk management.

This guide can be applied to all Windows Server extend volume greyed out issue, not only limited to a specific server version.

Symptoms&Causes of Extend Volume Grayed out

shrink volume

Usually, the extend volume shows grayed out in following situations:

  • There is no unallocated space on the same hard disk
  • The unallocated space is not contiguous to the partition you want to extend (this could be moved by software)
  • The volume you want to extend is not with NTFS filesystem (a fat32 volume is not supported with extend volume in disk management -> We would introduce ways to get it fixed.)
  • The disk is less than 2TB that is built with MBR and cannot be extended over 2TB. (You may convert it to GPT disk to get it extended.)

If there is no unallocated space, it is easy to get some by deleting or shrinking partition. Many people like to shrink partition with Windows 2012 R2 Disk Management because this solution does not cause any data loss. However, you cannot create unallocated volume which shows adjacent behind the partition you want to extend by shrinking partition. Most of time, the extend volume is grayed out under Disk Management since the unallocated space is not adjacent to the partition you need to expand.

Fix #1 - Deleting volume to enable extend volume

#1 - Delete volume (must be the one next to the volume you want to expand) to produce unallocated space

Step 1 - delete volume in disk management

When there are important files on the volume, backup them somewhere else; or option - you may shrink it to make some unallocated space adjacent to the one you want to expand.

delete volume server 2012 to extend volume disk management

# 2 - extend volume in disk management after the first step when unallocated space was made after the deleting.

server 2012 to extend volume disk management

Extend volume is enabled when there is unallocated/free space next to the one you want to expand. Here is a photo shows that Extend volume c is available when there is unallocated space next to c drive.

server 2012 to extend volume disk management

Or when there is free space adjacent to c drive and the extend volume would be enabled in disk management.

free space to extend volume disk management

#3 - And then follow the extend volume wizard to get it extended.

server 2012 to extend volume disk management

#4 - And then select available free space to get c or the one you want to expand extended. (You may specify how much space you want to add to the one you want to expand, or it would add all the available free space to get acquired by default)

add space to extend volume disk management

#5 - And you will see a window saying the expand is finished.

add space to extend volume disk management

Video - how to delete volume and extend volume in disk management

Note: this is a video made in Windows 10 and it works pretty much the same if you operate it in Windows Server OS.

Fix #2 - Shrink volume to produce unallocated space for Extending volume

Note: You need to shrink the volume next to the c drive if you want to expand c as example. If there are C E F G volumes, shrinking F/G won't work by using Disk Management, which would only work with the help of IM-Magic Partition Resizer Server if you plan to extend c by shrinking f/g volume since Partition Resizer Server could help move partitions without losing data and get the free space adjacent to c drive safely.

shrink large partition to extend volume disk management

By shrinking the adjacent partition, free space would be made next to the c drive to get it acquired. It would look pretty much the same in the following photo showing free space is available beside c drive.

free space to extend volume disk management

And then you may extend c volume easily with the similar steps that are operated. The rest steps are the same as the part one.

Video - how to shrink partition and extend volume

The video is operated in Windows 10 as example; it is the same if you do the following in your Windows server os.

If your drive is still no way to be extended by the above solutions, you may need the third fix when

  • The c drive or targeted volume is not NTFS filesystem
  • The disk is MBR not GPT that extend volume is disabled
  • The partition you want to shrink is not adjacent to c drive or the target drive
  • NO free space is available, OR MORE CASES NOT STATED HERE...

Try the solutions #3 which is coming as followed

FIX #3 - 100% Safe Server Partition Software for Extend Volume Windows Server 2008/2012/2016/2019

What can you do when you are unable to extend volume with Windows 2012 R2 Disk Management? In this situation, you can use partition software for Windows Server 2012 R2 to extend disk volume.

Now, please pay attention: You cannot extend any volume if there is no free space on any of partition on the same hard disk on Windows 2012 R2 without raid.

IM-Magic Partition Resizer Server is able to shrink partition, move partition and extend partition, so you can use it to extend volume size when Disk Management failed to extend C drive or other partition in Windows 2012 R2 since there is not contiguous unallocated space.

download free windows 10 partition software

Step 1 - Shrink any partition to make free space, or you may directly add free/unallocated space far away from c drive/ target volume by moving partitions that stands in the way with this program.

For example, shrinking d partition and there is unallocated space made available next to the c boot volume with Partition Resizer Server.

Extend partition when the extend volume greyed outRight click large drive on Windows server to make it smaller

resize partitionMove the border of large drive to produce free unallocated space on Windows server

See how this operated in a gif photo

resize partition

Step 2 - Extend c drive or target partition by right click it in the software -> Resize/Move, which would lead to a extending

Extend partition when the extend volume greyed out Free unallocated space is available after the shrinking

Step 3 - Right click the drive you want to expand, go to its 'Resize/Move' to start extending

Extend partition when the extend volume greyed out Expand c drive

resize partition

Step 4 - Apply changes

Extend partition when the extend volume greyed out Expand c drive

Note: if you are extending partition with free space from non adjacent free space, you may right click partition in between and move it by the same 'Resize/Move'.

See c drive is expanded in the following photo.

Extend partition when the extend volume greyed out Expanding c drive successed

Video - how to shrink partition and extend volume with Partition Resizer Server

Download IM-Magic Partition Resizer Server Edition

download free windows 10 partition software

More video tutorials are on page https://www.resize-c.com/video/

If you are Windows Server 2012 R2 user, you may know that it allows you to resize partition server 2012 r2. It is often quite easy to extend a partition with Windows Server 2012 R2 Disk Management, but most of time, you may find that it is not so easy as you think. In most cases, you may find that the "Extend Volume" shows grayed out under Disk Management when you attempt to extend a partition on Windows Server 2012 R2. Why? And how can you resolve the problem? This page will tell how to extend a partition when "Extend Volume" is grayed out in Disk Management on Windows 2012 R2.

How to Extend Volume with Windows 2012 R2 Disk Management when Extend volume greyed out

The first thing you should do is to access the Disk Management in Windows 2012 R2. You need to right click the "Windows" icon and then click "Disk Management" to access the Disk Management on Server 2012 R2.

If there is enough free space on other partition on the same hard disk, you can follow the guide below to extend partition on Windows 2012 R2 Disk Management. Take C drive as an example, you can follow the steps below if you want to extend C drive on Windows 2012 R2:

Step1. Open D drive and move all important data from this partition to another one or external hard drive.

Step2. Right click D drive and select "Delete Volume" option and then follow the wizard to delete the D partition.

Step3. You can see an unallocated volume showing behind C drive after deleting D partition. Now, right click C drive and click "Extend Volume" option.

Step4. Enter the amount of space you want to add to C drive and then follow the wizard to extend C partition.

If you want to extend any other partition on Windows Server 2012 R2, you can also follow the steps above. The difference is that you must delete the partition behind the volume that you want to extend if you want to successfully add the unallocated space to the partition you need to extend.

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