There are several causes for it's unable to extend volume on Windows Server 2022, usually with scenarios: extend volume greyed out in disk management, recovery partition blocked extend volume... Here are serveral quick fixes for resolving the problem instantly with or without data loss by using Windows built-in tool or third party software. Check them out and try one by one.
Related Terms: Right adjacent unallocated space, ntfs partition, 2tb MBR disk max 4 partitions, same disk if without RAID control
Here are 3 solutions when it's unable to extend volume on server 2022 and fix the issue of 'Windows Server 2022 extend volume greyed out' instantly.
Condition: unallocated space is needed on the right side of the drive that you wish to extend.
SolutionA: You need to delete a partition or delete the free space to create an adjoining unallocated space.
Steps to Use:
Step 1: Backup data on the partition that needs to be deleted. You may copy the data present in the partition on an alternative or external disk volume. (If it's free space, you may directly right click and delete it)
Step 2: Now, in Disk Management, look towards the right of the volume or partition, then select the 'Delete Volume' option.
Step 3: Now tap on 'Yes' to give a confirmation.
After completing the steps, you can find the unallocated space at the right side of your target drive that you want to expand.
Note: If the unallocated space is not adjacent to the target drive, you need to move the inbetween volumes with tool IM-Magic Partition Resizer Server, no data loss, or you may continue deleting the inbetween volumes to make all right space unallocated.
SolutionB: Resize volumes and move volumes without losing data to create unallocated space with IM-Magic Partition Resizer Server.
Step 1: Download Parition Resizer Server, install and open it. Produce unallocated space by shrinking a large volume: Right click the large volume and choose "Resize/Move"
Step 2: Move the border of the large drive from left to right and produce free space unallocated at the left side of the large volume, or you may move the border left forward and then the unallocated space will be created at the right side of the large volume.
Step 3: Right click on C drive and settle on "Resize/Move." Extend its right side border to claim the unallocated space.
Step 4: Proceed with moving the arrows to add the unallocated volume to the C drive. Tap on the "Apply" button.
Note: This following image show how to safely move partitions without losing data with IM-Magic Partition Resizer.
Note: IM-Magic Partition Resizer Server can help shrink server 2022 volumes without losing data, expand server 2022 ntfs/fat32 volumes without losing data, move volumes without losing data, what's more, it can also help clone disk, migrate OS, convert disk dynamic, convert partition primary, repair possible errors on disks etc.
When 'Windows Server 2022 cannot extend volume' issue occured, it's possible that there is the recovery partition between unallocated space and volume needing an extension. You must note that a Recovery partition provides a restoring facility if any mishap occurs. However, it deletes all the data stored on your PC. which is not advisable. So, you can use the command-line tool in the console for Command Prompt or Windows Powershell.
Before proceeding with the steps, you must create a bootable disc or USB to complete Windows Recovery. It will help protect your PC against data loss or OS corruption.
Steps to Use:
Step 1: Make a right tap on the Start button and make a selection of (Admin) Windows Powershell. Alternatively, in the Start menu, write cmd.exe and make a selection 'Run as administrator.'
Step 2: Now, on the UAC pop-up, tap 'Yes.'
Step 3: Now you need to run the commands sequentially;
diskpart: Load the utility of the Disk Part.
List disk: Helps in listing the disks on the PC.
Select disk [number] - Select the recovery partition disk you wish to be erased, then replace [number] with the disk number.
List partition: Lists all the disk partitions available on the drive.
Select partition [number] - Now select recovery partitions, then replace [number] with the partition number.
Delete partition override - Deletes the recovery partition.
For extending a volume with Windows server 2022 built-in tools, the volume can only be the NTFS partition. For example, you can use Disk Management for formatting volume in NTFS format. But if you do this, you will lose your data. So, it is preferable to take a backup of your data before you follow the steps.
Steps to Use
Step 1: Tap on Disk management, then make a right-tap on the partition. Make a selection of the 'Format' option.
Step 2: Now, on the 'Format' dialog, change File System to NTFS.
Step 3: Now tap on 'Ok.'
Sometimes you may notice an error when you use an SSD or hard drive. It may bring you to the 'Extend Volume' option in the Disk Management tool. But why can't expand volume or extended volume greyed out in Windows Server 2022?
Let us find the reasons behind the issue as under:
How to produce unallocated space on the same disk with Partition Resizer? And move unallocated space anyware with Partition Resizer.
Extend volume will be disabled if there is free space on its adjacent right side since free space is not unallocated space.
Converting the free space to unallocated space by deleting it in Disk Management or diskpart or Partition Resizer.
If the target drive is a FAT32 drive, the extend volume will be disabled too since only NTFS file system drives are supported.
Solution: Convert the fat32 drive to NTFS with convert ntfs cmd or safe tool Partition Resizer Server.
Note: convert fs:ntfs cmd will not work on the boot drive of your computer. (Not working with c drive)
GPT disk OK, MBR disk limitations with 4 primary partitions at most and 2TB max disk capacities.
For a 4TB SSD or HDD, when you initialize it MBR, the disk can be created with partitions 2TB max and unallocated space 2TB. It's not possible to add the unallocated space to the disk partitions no matter C D E G or any drive due to the limits of MBR disk.
Solution: Convert disk from MBR to GPT with Partition Resizer
When there is recovery partition that stand between c drive and the unallocated space, it's not possible to extend c drive with disk management or diskpart.
Solution1: Move recovery partition safely, extend c with Partition Resizer Server
Note: It's the same steps when you want to expand other partitions that have volumes stand in between.
Also read: how to move partitions without losing data
Solution2: Delete the recovery partition in Disk Management or using diskpart cmd
By deleting the recovery partition or any partition that stand in between the target drive with the unallocated space would enable the extend volume.
Sometimes you may notice an error when you use an SSD or hard drive. It may bring you to the 'Extend Volume' option in the Disk Management tool. But why does the extended volume error greyed out in Windows Server 2022 occur?
Let us find the reasons behind the issue as under;
The issues mentioned earlier may occur because of limits posed by disk management. So we are offering some tips to use for troubleshooting the issue. These foxes will help you resolve the problem instantly.
We hope you resolve the 'Windows Server 2022 extend volume greyed out' issue with our suggested solutions. You can create adjoining unallocated space for making some space on the C drive. You can delete the partition for recovery using the command line if you are from a technical background. You can also use a compatible format for extending your partition to resolve the issue. It is your choice to go ahead with any of the above solutions. But, we advise you to back up your user data before opting for any solution.